Motion-preserving spine surgeries, also known as motion-sparing or motion-preserving techniques, are a set of surgical procedures aimed at treating various spinal conditions while preserving the natural movement and flexibility of the spine. These surgeries are designed to alleviate pain, restore function, and maintain the normal range of motion in the spine.
Traditional spine surgeries, such as spinal fusion, involve permanently joining two or more vertebrae together to stabilize the spine and reduce pain. While fusion surgeries are effective in certain cases, they limit the motion between the fused vertebrae, which can lead to increased stress and degeneration of adjacent spinal segments over time.
Motion-preserving spine surgeries, on the other hand, strive to maintain the mobility of the spine by preserving the natural structure and function of the intervertebral discs and facet joints. These procedures aim to address specific spinal conditions while allowing for continued movement and flexibility, thus potentially reducing the risk of adjacent segment degeneration.
There are several types of motion-preserving spine surgeries, each designed for different spinal conditions:
The selection of a motion-preserving spine surgery technique depends on various factors, including the patient's specific condition, the location and severity of the spinal problem, and the patient's overall health.
Benefits of motion-preserving spine surgeries may include reduced postoperative pain, quicker recovery, preserved motion and flexibility, and potentially a lower risk of adjacent segment degeneration compared to traditional fusion surgeries. However, these procedures are not suitable for all spinal conditions, and the decision for surgery should be made in consultation with a qualified spine surgeon based on individual circumstances.